The question is whether Utilitarianism a good principle for justice.
I think that the matter about principles and not about numbers. If I consider a judgement like partition of India in which it is stated that a relatively less number of people were killed (read sacrificed) when the population was displaced and relocated to India and Pakistan to prevent years and years of hatred and bloodshed between Hindus and Muslims living a single united India; it was the worst possible judgement made under the garb of utilitarian principles.
What was essential at that time was that people be taught and told to learn tolerance of each other and work on solely building a new nation for the benefit of all. Instead, they were told to secure pockets for each of them and create silos within the society. As the very basis of this thought was wrong, the design has not worked even after more than 60 years of the decision.
The very fact that to save more lives, the communities were separated from each other, has led to the communities wanting to distance even more as every year is passing. As needs of both the communities is growing, now they are wanting to impinge on the facilities of the other. At the very root of such decision, the seed of mistrust has been planted which is becoming difficult to cure even after so much effort on both sides.
Innocent people were killed for happiness of larger mass. However, innocent people continue to be killed every day and yet the larger aspect for such a decision is not being met. So, it is not the sacrifice of few which is the best decision, it is the right intent of the decision which derives the greatest content of benefits from the decision.
What do you think?